The BackShop Journal

A Web Magazine of Arts, Culture and Orthodox Christian Spirituality

Latest Articles

  • Elizabeth Fiodorovna: Life as a "Road Full of Light"

    "... My dear children, thank God, you have received communion: as one soul, you all stood before the Saviour. I believe that the Saviour was on this Earth with you all, and during the Last Judgment this prayer will again be before God, like your mercy toward each other and toward me. Oh, how you are...
  • Russian Avant-Garde, the "Black Square" and Primordial Forms

    One of the most impressive and influential phenomena in the intellectual, spiritual and artistic upheaval in Russia around the time of the Revolution was the Russian avant-garde in visual arts. Two of its most prominent representatives were Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) and Wassily Kandinsky (1866-19...
  • The Age of Enlightenment

    In general terms, the Enlightenment was an intellectual movement, developed mainly in France, Britain and Germany, which advocated freedom, democracy and reason as the primary values of society. It started from the standpoint that men's minds should be freed from ignorance, from superstition and fro...
  • Cogito ergo sum

    In his Second Meditation, French Philosopher René Descartes (1596-1650) tries to establish absolute certainty about existence in his famous conclusion Cogito, ergo sum, or "I think, therefore I am." His Meditations are conducted from the first-person perspective, from Descartes' point of vie...
  • The Aftermath of the Centenary: The Debates Abate, but the Crime Remains

    During the last few weeks before the centenary of the Soviet Revolution, especially during the last few days, one could feel a tension building. A century after this world-changing event, everyone wanted to give a personal assessment of the revolution, to weigh its pros and cons. And all those impas...
Featured Article
Russian Avant-Garde, the "Black Square" and Primordial Forms
One of the most impressive and influential phenomena in the intellectual, spiritual and artistic upheaval in Russia around the time of the Revolution was the Russian avant-garde in visual arts. Two of its most prominent representatives were Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) and Wassily Kandinsky (1866-19...
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