The BackShop Journal

A Web Magazine of Arts, Culture and Orthodox Christian Spirituality

  • Hermeneutics

    The word "hermeneutics" comes from the Greek ἑρμηνεύω (hermeneuō), which means to translate, or to interpret. The related word, ἑρμηνεύς (hermeneus) means translator or interpreter. It is a theory and methodology of interpreting texts. Hermeneutics was initially applied to the interpretation, or exe...
  • Structuralism

    Structuralism is a 20th-century intellectual movement and approach to the human sciences that attempts to analyse a specific field as a complex system of interrelated parts. Broadly speaking, Structuralism holds that all human activity and its products, even perception and thought itself, are constr...
  • Analytic Philosophy

    Analytic Philosophy (sometimes Analytical Philosophy) is a 20th-century movement in philosophy which holds that philosophy should apply logical techniques in order to attain conceptual clarity, and that philosophy should be consistent with the success of modern science. For many Analytic Philosopher...
  • Marxism

    Marxism is a philosophical, political and social movement derived from the work of Karl Marx (1818-1883) and Friedrich Engels (1820-1895) in the second half of the 19th Century. It is a theoretical-practical framework based on the analysis of “the conflicts between the powerful and the subjugated” w...
  • Hegel and the "Spirit"

    Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831) is one of the greatest systematic thinkers in the history of Western philosophy. In addition to epitomising German idealist philosophy, Hegel boldly claimed that his own system of philosophy represented a historical culmination of all previous philosophical...
Featured Article
Voltaire and the Battle for Religious Tolerance
François-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), better known by his nom de plume Voltare, was one of the intellectual driving forces that lead to the French Revolution (1789-1799). A writer, historian and philosopher of the French Enlightenment, he is famous for his attacks on the established Catholic Church and...
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